tsafe
Search
⌃K
Links

assert

import { assert } from "tsafe/assert";
​
declare const x: number | string;
​
assert(typeof x === "string");
​
x.toLowerCase(); //<= Here TypeScript knows that x is a string
The classic assert function, it takes a value as input, if the value is falsy it throws or else it does nothing. Functionally it can be summed up to this:
function assert(condition) {
if (!condition) {
throw new Error();
}
}
Typewise however, it takes advantage of the asserts condition statement. If you pass a type guard as value TypeScript can make inference on what happens after the assert instruction.

Assertion on types

Assert can also be used to confirm assertion on types.
You can for example test if a type extends another by doing:
import { assert } from "tsafe/assert";
​
type A = "foo" | "bar";
type B = "foo" | "bar" | "baz";
​
//You will get red squiggly lines if A does not extend B
assert<A extends B ? true : false>();
You can also test the equality of two types with:

assert + is

Error thrown

When the value is falsy assert throws an instance of AssertionError. Assertion error, extends Error and can be imported like this:
import { AssertionError } from "tsafe/assert";
A specific error message can be passed as second argument to the assert function.
import { assert, AssertionError } from "tsafe/assert";
​
try {
assert(false, "foo bar baz");
} catch (error) {
console.log(error instanceof AssertionError); // true
console.log(error.message); // foo bar baz
}